Friday, May 22, 2020

The True Meaning of Success Essay - 671 Words

What is success? Success stems from hard work, dedication, and motivation. Success is comparable to chef’s perfect recipes, an engineer’s final drawing, or a scientist’s research, which leads to saving lives. Without trial and error, there is no such thing as success. A large contributor to ones success is making mistakes and then learning from those mistakes. Just like the perfect recipe from a chef, an engineer’s final drawing or a scientist’s research, people may fail the first time but with trial and error it can be perfected. No one is perfect. The key to success is to have a passion for whatever it is someone chooses to do. Passion is the fuel that ignites the fire. Many people live heir life with a career that they do not love, or†¦show more content†¦I could finally say I was ready. I was motivated, dedicated, ready to work hard and had finally found my passion. After finding my passion in computer science, my motivation and dedicat ion increased drastically. I believe my passion stemmed from my job in the NAVY, which was an Operation Specialist. I started looking into computer programming and to my surprise I fell in love with it. I wish that I always had a passion for school as I do now. I am paying for my mistakes I made in college and even high school, but I am not going to give up. My passion for computer science has me setting goals that many people would find unrealistic. I know the things that I am capable of, and I will not give up until my expectations are surpassed. I am back in school for myself first, but I am also doing this for my husband and son. I want my family to be proud of me. Eventually, I would like to use my computer science degree to be a part of a group that invents new programs that save peoples lives and help accommodate peoples daily lives. I had found such a passion in computer science that I feel my career will come to me when I am ready just as computer science did. Strangely, I am a minimalist who believes the less technology the better, but the way the world is going there is no turning back. I want to take technology and turn it into something great. Something that can save lives or that helps people in a good way.Show MoreRelatedFame Success1247 Words   |  5 Pages Fame does not mean Success Being successful doesn’t always mean that fame is involved. Success is a spiritual practice of doing what you love regardless of outcome. Fame is an arbitrary reward not necessarily given to the most deserving. We look at success from different perspective and judge how it builds the characteristics to hit the level of success. To most people, success means achieving a goal. In order to achieve a goal, a person usually has to workRead MoreMilitary Leadership Styles And Philosophies1534 Words   |  7 Pages Moreover, a true leader must not allow the unconscious transfer of their focus from the people to themselves, by fixating on their career, ego, and personal success. A lack of emotional intelligence may bring a toxic environment into the unit, which is not a trait of a good leader. Furthermore, by focusing on themselves, a leader fails to accomplish a basic principle of a good leadership, which is to care for the people, because they are the milestone of a true leaderâ €™s success. Taking careRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Abraham Lincoln s Second Inaugural Address1234 Words   |  5 PagesTiana Lanier Professor Lara Chapman Rhetorical Communication: A Theory of Civil Discourse July 7th, 2015 Rhetorical Discourse in Two Distinct Pieces of Work; Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address Emily Dickinson’s Success is Counted Sweetest Rhetoric is often denoted to as the art of persuasion. A set of linguistic traits and semantics used to evoke emotional responses from its intended audience, opening the floor for unanticipated influence by said audience. It would be an atrocity to ignoreRead MoreAn Analysis of the Prologue to Nathaniel Hawthornes The Scarlet Letter1278 Words   |  5 Pageschanged at the outset of the 21st century, the central concept that Hawthorne discussed during his 19th century manuscript is certainly valid. Commercial success and an influx of money have a negative effect on popular music that once resonated with people and contributed to larger social movements. The three primary deleterious effects of commercial success and money on popular music are that they detract from the overriding social movements such music represents, they shift the focus from artistry toRead More money Essay1181 Words   |  5 Pages The Meaning of Success Most people do not find their careers fulfilling or meaningful. Today more and more people are dissatisfied with this situation. Many people consider money to be more important than obtaining a purpose in life. Everyone has a passion deep down inside. You may not be aware of exactly what it is, but it will emerge as life goes on. Once you find this passion or mission, success will fallow. It is not easy to find or create work that truly satisfies the soul. 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Some might say that success has commenced when one has finally gotten that $200,000 dream car in one’s garage. Others might say that their belief of success has established when one has found true happinessRead MoreThe Truth On The Keys Of Success1190 Words   |  5 PagesTruth to the Keys of Success   How exactly do you define success? Does it mean to have a large house, expensive car and absolutely no financial problems? Does it mean that you have the best up-to-date technology and have the best style of clothing? As success may be defined differently for everybody, everyone’s goal in life is to succeed one way or another, but rather, many people struggle with attaining it. Today, society  and media has given us the misperception as to what success is truly defined asRead MoreEmily Dickinsons Success Is Counted Sweetest Criticism883 Words   |  4 PagesJirawoot Sararit (B.A. English Linguistics) 1st Class Honors, SWU, Thailand Success Is Counted Sweetest Success Is Counted Sweetest is a well-known poem written by Emily Dickinson in 1859. It is obviously seen that the message of the poem is that people who do not succeed are those who truly understand success for what it is (Cummings, 2013). In other words, deprivation can lead to greater understanding and appreciation of what people lack. This paper is composed of three pointsRead More Comparing Success in Horatio Algers Ragged Dick and the Life of Colin Powell1062 Words   |  5 PagesSuccess in Horatio Algers Ragged Dick and the Life of Colin Powell What does success mean to you? I think the idea of success is affected by the social system. In America and Hong Kong, which are capitalistic societies affected by the American Dream, success means money and fame. In other societies, success might have different meanings. Some people said money and fame is the true meaning of success, but I think that the true meaning of success is to follow the interest of your own and being

Thursday, May 7, 2020

The San Jose March For Science. For My Civic Engagement

The San Jose March for Science For my civic engagement assignment, I attended the San Jose March for Science from San Jose city hall to the Plaza de Caesar Chavez. The March was in organized primarily in response to the Trump administration’s unfavorable views on science, especially towards environmental science, and was held in conjunction with hundreds of other marches attended by hundreds of thousands of people across the world. I’ve never been the most civically-minded person so I was not quite sure what to expect when attending, but I think that I gained a more personal understanding of the political and democratic aspect of environmental citizenship. I arrived at the march slightly after it was underway, a few blocks away from San†¦show more content†¦In layman’s terms, Environmental citizenship is the idea that humans are part of the environment and that as a result we should work to help the environment through day-to-day and political actions. A parallel could be drawn to the idea of the Social Contract, where people give up certain privileges and take on certain duties in order to be effectively governed as a part of a greater society (Gough 2-3). Environmental citizens give up certain privileges such as littering or using fossil fuels and take on duties like recycling or voting for environmentally friendly laws or politicians in order to better the environment as a whole. Environmental Citizenship can be further broken down into two rough categories: personal daily citizenship and large scale political citizenship. Daily environmental citizenship refers to people following environmentally just laws and performing environmentally conscious actions in daily lives, such as recycling, eating food from environmentally friendly sources such as homegrown gardens, using eco-friendly transportation such electric cars or public transportation, and other similar activities. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Terminal Illness Impact on Family Functioning and Bowenian Therapy Free Essays

string(271) " has an unresolved issue of some sort with other family members, then how can it be expected for the family to function in a time of distress\? Resolving an emotional attachment to the family is what this theory says must take place in order for the functioning to work\." Terminal Illness Impact on Family Functioning and Bowenian Therapy Abstract This paper will discuss the adjustments that accompany terminal illness within a family setting. The methods that are applied in the theory of choice will be explored as to whether the treatment is appropriate for this type of tragedy. The compatibility of this theory and this issue will be explored when dealing with the family unit. We will write a custom essay sample on Terminal Illness Impact on Family Functioning and Bowenian Therapy or any similar topic only for you Order Now Terminal Illness Impact and Bowenian Therapy A family is two or more people who consider themselves family and who assume obligations, functions, and responsibilities generally essential to healthy family life. (Barker, 1999. p. 55). Families create patterns that are passed on from grandparents to parents and from parents to children. These become the traditions and part of the value systems that are instilled in the lives of all that are involved. Murray Bowen developed his views of theory pertaining to family systems theory. His view is a theory of human behavior that views the family as an emotional unit and uses systems thinking to describe the complex interactions in the unit. (www. thebowencenter. org/pages/theory. html). His perspective of the family as a whole having an impact on each individual family member was also shared by many of his colleagues. The objective was to work with the family to understand that unresolved conflict with our original families is the most important unfinished business of our lives. He started out working with mother and child, and then he added fathers to the equation. (Nicholas Schwartz. 2009, p. 138). The interactions between family members generate how a crisis is handled. If a family is close knit, it may be a considered a sign of weakness to let outsiders know how they are feeling or if there is a problem within the family. Generation to generation brings an aspect to the next generation about how a matter such as terminal illness is handled. The emotional interdependence presumably evolved to promote the cohesiveness and cooperation families require to protect, shelter, and feed their members. (www. thebowencenter. org/pages/theory. html). Older family members such as great grandparents may come from an era that believed in privacy or the cultures may consider this type of problem a bad omen. This is not necessarily a bad thing, but maybe not a good one either. Stress causes may reactions in many different ways. According to Bowen, the family is viewed as an emotional unit and uses system thinking to describe the complex interactions in the unit. (www. thebowencenter. org/pages/theory. html). A family has a specific purpose for everyone included. It gives a sense of familiar, a sense of completeness, and a sense of belonging. Attachment to the family member that is sick is ultimate for the entire family. The bond sometimes becomes more of an issue than the actual stress of the patient having a terminal illness. Terminal illness and death, however, would appear to be the ultimate way to resolve the attachment bond. Clair, 2000, p. 512). Terminal illness is an infection or disease which is considered ultimately fatal or incurable. It can go undetected, patients cannot afford proper care, or the illness is virulent enough that it will resist medical intervention. (www. wisegeek. com/what-is-a-terminal-illness. htm). Terminal illness impacts the entire family. The family consists of more than ju st parents and children. Grandmothers, grandfathers, aunts, and uncles make up family as well. There are people who become part of a family through interactions throughout people’s lives. Friends can be just as much a part of the family as the biological members. Some people have better relationships with outside people than those who are born to them. Some parts of the family may not fit as well as others because even though a family is considered a functioning unit, all parts do not always work. When there is anxiety or stress within the family, the individual members show how they can function on their own. Differentiation of self from the family of origin is defined as the ability to function autonomously as an individual without being emotionally dependent upon or attached to the family process. Murdock Gore, 2004, p. 319). Behind closed doors families have an order of rank. There is an order that an individual serves in the community, but the family is the most important role someone can have. The individual that has the strongest backbone so to speak is usually the person higher up the rank chain. This person is usually the tradition carrier. This is usually t he one who has the ability to keep the family functioning in time of stress. The responsibility that accompanies being a family member may be more than some people can handle. When a serious illness is an issue that families deals with every day, somehow there will be problems. If there is an imbalance between togetherness and separation forces in the family system, anxiety is experienced within the individual. (Ecke, Chope, Emmelkamp. (2006), p. 84). Stress is any influence that interferes with the normal functioning of an organism and produces some internal strain or tension. (Barker, 2003. p. 420). Discovering that a tragedy of this type is a problem within any family is not a good thing, yet sometimes it takes a crisis to fix what is wrong. Stress contributes to the way an individual’s life will function. When a family is going through a traumatic event, the functioning of the individual is not what is thought about. The fact that someone that is loved is going through a hard time is a major factor. It is not a time to think about other members of the family, it is centered on the person who is sick. Most families put the differences aside so that the issue at hand can be dealt with. Bowen viewed that the two forces: togetherness and individuality centered on the two counterbalancing each other. (Nichols Schwartz. 009. P. 140). If a family member has an unresolved issue of some sort with other family members, then how can it be expected for the family to function in a time of distress? Resolving an emotional attachment to the family is what this theory says must take place in order for the functioning to work. You read "Terminal Illness Impact on Family Functioning and Bowenian Therapy" in category "Essay exampl es" As adults we are expected to fulfill certain roles and positions. As productive aspects of the community as well as within the family as a participating member, this must be accomplished. It reflects back to the upbringing and the culture that a person comes from. When a family is not able to function as a whole unit, stress can be a good thing because it gives the family a common goal in which to work towards fixing together. Terminal illness can be a surprise as well as an expected occurrence. It can cause strain on a family emotionally, financially, and physically. Dealing with grief and loss, may make the family feel as if they are on a roller coaster ride. The ability of a family’s survival is a part of the foundation on which the family is built. Illness can last for short periods of time as well as for extended periods. Every member of a family handles situations differently. According to Kubler-Ross, grief has stages that a person goes through. Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance is the order in which a person is suppose to grieve, but it may not necessarily work out that way. (Zastraw Kirst-Ashman, 2007. p. 566). Some stages may be skipped or some may not be gone through at all. The ability to pass from one stage to the next is how the family system functions is an aspect of Bowen’s theory. In Bowen’s theory, the stress response expands beyond the individual to include the family. He theorized that if a family functions under the strain of stress then the individual could function. The family as a unit revolves around the fact that each member of the family plays an important role. If one of the members can not pull their weight, then the entire family could suffer. If one person is not able to accept and handle what is thrown out when dealing with an issue such as terminal illness then the entire family system could suffer. The way a family works is dependent on how its members can work together as a single functioning unit. Families create alliances in many ways. Sometimes in families parents are each others’ support while the children usually stick together. Usually alliances are formed as well as the normal array. Children gravitate to the grandparents or to a favorite aunt or uncle as well as other relatives. The family figures out how to make the family work by the way the alliances are formed. The way problems are handled can easily be passed from generation to generation. Culture plays a part in how families deal with issues within the family. Children are affected more often during this type of situation in the family. The adults feel that the children should be protected at all cost. Grieving is a normal process of life as well as being a part of the family circle. Grief is the multifaceted response to death and losses of all kinds, including psychological, emotional, social, and physical reactions according to Waldrop. (Waldrop, 2007, p. 198). Telling a child that a parent or grandparent has a sickness that may take them away is somewhat difficult to do. If a child is not an appropriate age to understand the concept of what a terminal illness is, then they cannot grieve properly. This is a part of the family system that has a breakdown. The children not understanding and being able to cope and function as individuals in the system gives the theory some weight. Even adults who do not come to terms with the severity of the stress of dealing with a terminal illness will cause extra stress for the family. People who are not biological member of a family can still be family members. Doctors, nurses, and other caregivers become a part of the family because of the relationship that is build when they come into ontact with the family. As an individual tries to demonstrate the capability of growing and becoming a productive part of society, the way a family creates bonds is essential to that goal. As people interact relationships from all walks will make paths become intertwined. Some of these relationships become as strong as relationships that come from within the family and just as important. Bowen believed that a family functions as a unit if the individuals in th e family system can function on their own. His theory is to help the individual and the entire family is helped. When a serious crisis comes along and the family members must deal with the emotional, psychological, and even the physical aspects, the ability to put small things aside to look at the overall picture comes into play. It is shown that families work only as well as the members in the family work. Different theorists have used the initial framework of family systems as the basis for their ideas and it has been shown many times that as a system the family works whether functional or dysfunctional. This theory of Bowen has shown that in order for the family to function in a crisis the individual family members must be able to work together to form the unit. It takes every member doing his or her part. Taking care of individual needs in order to build and maintain healthy relationships is a must. The family does operate as a unit running on the mind, body, and soul of each and every member. It is critical that each member be able to interact and function with the other members. Murray Bowen had the conception that the unit that makes a family can function as a whole if the members can work together. It is a must that a family needs all of the members in order to create the bound of togetherness that is required to perform completely. There are other theories that would also fit this issue of terminal illness, but Bowen’s Theory also fits that illness and it shows that family members have an impact on a family while dealing with a serious problem. Family means many things to many people. It requires work regardless of the situation that a family is in. The acceptance of loving your family is part of the bond that will not allow a family to stray away from one another even though there will be struggles. The perception that a family is only functioning if all are participating is not always true. The fact that members can allow themselves to see, give, and say that love is in their hearts and minds, makes a family a wonderful place to be. The theory of Bowen’s and his colleagues helped to create ways for families and their members to have an available resource of treatment. It is good to know that there are options out there that are beneficial to families and their members. References Barker, R. L. (ED). (2003). The Social work dictionary (5th ed. ) Baltimore, MD: NASW Press. Clair, M. St. , (2000). An unfortunate family: terminal illness and the altering of the attachment Bond. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 54 (4), 512 -518. Davis, B. D. , Cowley, S. , Ryland, R. (1996). The effects of terminal illness on patients and careers. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 23, 512 – 520. Ecke van, Y. , Chope, R. C. , Emmelkamp, P. M. (2006), Bowlby and Bowen: attachment theory and family therapy. Counseling and Clinical Psychology Journal, 3(2), 81-108. Fraser, B. , McKay, L. , Pease, L. , (2010). Interview with Michael Kerr. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 31(1), 100 – 109. Klever, P. (2005). Multigenerational stress and nuclear family functioning. Contemporary Family Therapy, 27 (2), 233 – 250. Murdock, N. , Gore, P. (2004). Stress, coping, and differentiation of self: a test of Bowen Theory. Contemporary Family Therapy, 26 (3), 319 – 335. Nichols, M. , Schartz, R. , (2009). The essentials of family therapy, 4/e. Boston: Allyn Bacon. Waldrop, D. , (2007). Caregiver grief in terminal illness and bereavement: a mixed-methods Study. Health and Social Work, 12 (4), 197 -206. Wright, J. , (2009). Self-soothing – a recursive intrapsychic and relational process: the Contribution of the Bowen Theory to the process of self-soothing. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 30 (1), 49 – 41. www. thebowencenter. org/pages/theory. html retrieved on October 16, 2011 at 4:30p. m. www. wisegeek. com/what-is-a-terminal-illness. htm retrieved on November 1, 2011 at 1:15 a. m. Zastrow, C. , Kirst-Ashman, K. (Ed). (2007). Understanding human behavior and the social Environment (7th ed. ) Belmont, California: Brooks/Cole. How to cite Terminal Illness Impact on Family Functioning and Bowenian Therapy, Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

What is System Development Life Cycle Essays - Software Development

What is System Development Life Cycle? January 9, 2015 HYPERLINK "https://airbrake.io/blog/author/motea" \o "View all posts by Motea Alwan" Motea Alwan in insight System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is a series of six main phases to create a hardware system only, a software system only or a combination of both to meet or exceed customer's expectations. System is a broad and a general term, and as per to Wikipedia; "A system is a set of interacting or interdependent components forming an integrated whole" it's a term that can be used in different industries, therefore Software Development Life Cycle is a limited term that explains the phases of creating a software component that integrates with other software components to create the whole system. Below we'll take a general look on System Development Life Cycle phases, bearing in mind that each system is different from the other in terms of complexity, required components and expected solutions and functionalities: System Development Life Cycle Phases: 1- System Planning The Planning phase is the most crucial step in creating a successful system, during this phase you decide exactly what you want to do and the problems you're trying to solve, by: Defining the problems, the objectives and the resources such as personnel and costs. Studying the ability of proposing alternative solutions after meeting with clients, suppliers, consultants and employees. Studying how to make your product better than your competitors'. After analyzing this data you will have three choices: develop a new system, improve the current system or leave the system as it is. 2-SystemAnalysis The end-user's requirements should be determined and documented, what their expectations are for the system, and how it will perform. A feasibility study will be made for the project as well, involving determining whether it's organizationally, economically, socially, technologically feasible. it's very important to maintain strong communication level with the clients to make sure you have a clear vision of the finished product and its function. 3- System Design The design phase comes after a good understanding of customer's requirements, this phase defines the elements of a system, the components, the security level, modules, architecture and the different interfaces and type of data that goes through the system. A general system design can be done with a pen and a piece of paper to determine how the system will look like and how it will function, and then a detailed and expanded system design is produced, and it will meet all functional and technical requirements, logically and physically. 4- Implementation and Deployment This phase comes after a complete understanding of system requirements and specifications, it's the actual construction process after having a complete and illustrated design for the requested system. In the Software Development Life Cycle, the actual code is written here, and if the system contains hardware, then the implementation phase will contain configuration and fine-tuning for the hardware to meet certain requirements and functions. In this phase, the system is ready to be deployed and installed in customer's premises, ready to become running, live and productive, training may be required for end users to make sure they know how to use the system and to get familiar with it, the implementation phase may take a long time and that depends on the complexity of the system and the solution it presents. 5- System Testing and Integration Bringing different components and subsystems together to create the whole integrated system, and then Introducing the system to different inputs to obtain and analyze its outputs and behavior and the way it functions. Testing is becoming more and more important to ensure customer's satisfaction, and it requires no knowledge in coding, hardware configuration or design. Testing can be performed by real users, or by a team of specialized personnel, it can also be systematic and automated to ensure that the actual outcomes are compared and equal to the predicted and desired outcomes. 6- System Maintenance In this phase, periodic maintenance for the system will be carried out to make sure that the system won't become obsolete, this will include replacing the old hardware and continuously evaluating system's performance, it also includes providing latest updates for certain components to make sure it meets the right standards

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Why Rome fell essays

Why Rome fell essays Rome: Once the largest ruling power, now shattered. What happened so many centuries ago, to make such a eminent power crumble to the ground? Powers come and go but their legacies live on. These legacies are our pedagogues; we learn from them and perfect ourselves and our nations. In researching Romes past, I believe that the primary cause of the fall of Rome was due to political and economic reasons. Rome was contrived to handle a small country, not a leading super power. This created problems in the way situations were handled both domestically and internationally. This ultimately led to the down fall of Rome. From the start, Rome had the makings of a ruling empire. They adapted the best and made it even better. The Romans focused on the practical side of things. Poetry, resplendent architecture, and philosophy was not well known in the Roman world. It was no wonder that the Romans controlled the entire Italian Peninsula by 264 B.C. and by 133 B.C. most of the Hellenistic world became Roman provinces. For the Romans the quandary wasnt being able to conquer but to hold on to what was theirs. The reasons that this proved to be difficult for the Romans were that the government wasnt designed to rule such a large empire. Also the Romans didnt fully develop trade and commerce. Another reason was that there was no formal law of succession. Lastly, slaves were the basis of the economy. One of the biggest influences on the fall of Rome was that Rome was not fabricated to rule such a vast area, But a significantly smaller one. This fact caused many problems. For example corruption was inevitable. Senators and other officials collected taxes for personal gain, publicans became rich by placing unjust tax burdens on people, proconsuls grew wealthy by extorting bribes from the people of the province, and finally politicians set up vile plans for support and called them "bread and circuses". This corruption led...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Flirts and Philanderers

Flirts and Philanderers Flirts and Philanderers Flirts and Philanderers By Maeve Maddox When I was a child, I learned that the name Philadelphia derives from the Greek words philos (loving) and adelphos (brother) and that William Penn chose the name because he wanted to establish â€Å"a city of brotherly love.† I’ve recently learned that the word philander derives from the Greek words philos (loving) and andro (man/male) and that in ancient Greek it meant â€Å"a lover of men.† According to a note in the OED, the word in Hellenistic Greek could also be applied to a woman who loved the man who was her husband. Philander was appropriated by 17th century poets as a stock name for a lover and came to be used for any man known for his popularity with women: You know I was always a Philander among the ladies.† (OED citation, 1785) In modern use, philander has become a verb that has in turn produced the agent noun philanderer. philander (verb): to engage in casual sexual encounters. Used chiefly of men. philanderer (noun): a man who philanders. Both the OED and Merriam-Webster give flirt as a synonym for philanderer, but philanderer is more negative and gender-specific than flirt. Either a man or a woman may be a flirt, but a philanderer is a man. Another difference is that flirting applies to a playful sort of sexual innuendo that does not assume sexual activity, while philandering connotes promiscuity and lack of marital or romantic integrity. Here are examples of recent use of philandering and philanderer: Power and  philandering  seem to go hand in hand.   Actor Jon Hamm has played the  philandering  ad executive Don Draper on the American Movie Classics show Mad Men. Unlike many presidents,  Nixon  had never been suspected of being a  philanderer. [In] 2007, Vitter was exposed as a paying philanderer. Here are some additional words that are or have been used to describe men of loose character: Casanova Don Juan Lothario playboy rake rouà © skirt-chaser womanizer Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Is She a "Lady" or a "Woman"?16 Misquoted QuotationsA "Diploma" is not a "Degree"

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Middleware Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Middleware - Essay Example Current business trend require integration such as ERP, SCM and CRM. Business to Business (B2B) communication needs will further accelerate this trend. The need for middleware stems from this increasing growth in the number of applications and in the customizations within those applications. - Platform Transparency - Using interfaces and APIs abstraction features, Middleware provides Platform Transparency. Client and server don't require to have intimate knowledge of each other in order to work together. - RDBMS Support - Data access middleware provides transparency across different data storage formats. It will make different RDBMS look like the same RDBMS by providing multiple RDBMS support from both proprietary and standard APIs. - Advance applications - New enterprise applications harness Middleware technology for Single System Login, Enhanced Security, Location Transparency, Database and Application Oriented Services however they are not very common. - Remote Procedure Call (RPC) - Remote procedure call Middleware extends the procedure call interface familiar to all programmers offering the abstraction of being able to invoke a procedure whose body is across a network. - Distributed Object Middleware (DOM) - DOM suc... Based on the uses they can be categorized in following categories: - Remote Procedure Call (RPC) - Remote procedure call Middleware extends the procedure call interface familiar to all programmers offering the abstraction of being able to invoke a procedure whose body is across a network. - Message-Oriented Middleware (MOM) - Message-Oriented Middleware provides the abstraction of a message queue which is accessible across a network. They are based on SOAP. - Distributed Object Middleware (DOM) - DOM such as DCOM and CORBA gives all the advantage of OOPS such as encapsulation and inheritance. It provides the abstraction of an object that is remote yet whose methods can be invoked just like those of an object in the same address space as the caller. are such examples. - Direct data access (DDA) for accessing databases directly as opposed to going through an application to get the information. Middleware offers many technical benefits. Current enterprise applications involve multiple applications interacting with same application. Instead of providing different APIs for different client application, we can put a Middleware with single set of APIs for each application. This can significantly simplify the communication. Also the Middleware can be used for handle different services such as checking the data for integrity, reconciling the data with other applications, data splitting and formatting so that we don't have to rewrite those services again and again for different applications. Middleware may have the capability to hold this data for a while so that it can be served to other applications which need it. Thus, it can introduce a type of persistency in the system. However there are some limitations of the